The Importance and the Endurance of Drone Aircraft
A drone aircraft is basically a pilotless aircraft which is radio or remotely controlled and is used for bombing and surveillance. Drones are commonly called Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and they work in the form of flying robots. A drone aircraft might be controlled remotely or it can be flown autonomously by the use of software controlled flight plans. The plans are located in the embedded systems of the UAVs and they work in full conjunction with the GPS. Drones have always been associated with military forces but they are also used for rescue and search, traffic monitoring, firefighting, weather monitoring and surveillance.
Difference between a Drone Aircraft and a Missile
Recently, the drone aircrafts are being considered significantly because of their commercial applications. UAVs or drone aircrafts are also used for different missions including attack and reconnaissance roles. However, it is important that you understand the basic difference between a drone aircraft and a missile. A drone aircraft possesses the capability of controlling and sustaining level flights and is powered by a reciprocating or jet engine. On the other hand, a missile can also be considered a UAV but there is a slight difference that in a missile the vehicle itself is used as a weapon.
The Research and development Work of the Drone Aircrafts
In some cases, UAV is found expanded to UAVS or Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle System. The FFA uses the acronym UAS or Unmanned Aircraft System to lay emphasis on the point that these complicated systems include other elements like ground stations besides serving as air vehicles. However, it is to be noted that the term UAS is not used widely because of the popularity of the term UAV. The military role played by a drone aircraft is increasing day by day. The rapid advancements taking place in the field of technology are also playing an important role in adding to the capability of these aircrafts. With the growing capability of the UAVs, nations are subsidizing their research and their development resulting in further advances being made in improving the performance of the UAVs on missions.
Improvised Role of the Drone Aircrafts
Nowadays, the role of drone aircrafts is not just limited for reconnaissance, surveillance and intelligence missions. The roles of the drone aircrafts have expanded o certain areas like strike missions, electronic attacks, destruction or suppression of the air defense of enemy, communications relay or network node and combat rescue and search. A drone aircraft might range in size from a large aircraft that weighs above 40,000 pounds to a Micro Air Vehicle or MAV weighing not more than a pound.
Drone Aircraft Endurance
Because a drone aircraft is not burdened with physiological limitations posed by human pilots, it can be designed meticulously for maximized on-station times. Flight duration of an UAV might vary on a very wide scale. The endurance of the internal combustion engine aircraft is completely dependent on the percentage of fuel burnt in relation to the total weight. This means that the endurance of a drone aircraft is largely dependent on the size of the aircraft.